The tree of happiness flowers and fruits most abundantly for the creative man
THE CAROLINA MIDDELBURG McCALLUM’S
Progenitor – Archibald McCallum
Reflection – there can surely not be many families who suffered more from the depredations of war than the Carolina McCallum’s. Their story reminds the historian that war unleashed by politicians is not simply rendered-down to statistics and strategy, but rather – it is the awful and brutal suffering of the innocent populace. Further to this – nothing negates an immature and simplistic reading or understanding of history than does the McCallum life-story. For nothing in human interaction is as clear-cut and well-defined as that determined by and desired by politicians and state. Individuals will tread their own paths, confound the dictates of their time and backgrounds, disregard received prejudices, ignore xenophobic upbringings, and marry whom they may.
The Carolina Middelburg McCallum’s – the outcome of the intimate interaction between Britain and Cape Dutch. Their story is one that records the veritable triumph of the heart over politics. As fellow researcher Nick Hinde wrote to me in wonderment – “it is strange to think that (British career soldier/doctor) Alfred Buckley Hinde was at the Battle of Spion Kop trying to rescue (and save the lives of) the British wounded, and (at the same time) his future father-in-law (Boer burgher) Archibald McCallum (senior) and brother-in-law burgher Archibald McCallum (junior) were both there, probably shooting at him!”
(image above) The dead on the summit of Spion Kop.
(image above) Alfred Buckley Hinde.
(image above) A Boer Commando photographed below Spioenkop, Natal.
The Genealogical Institute of South Africa (GISA) incorrectly recorded the parents of Archibald McCallum (the progenitors of the Carolina/ Middleburg McCallum’s) as Captain Archibald McCallum and Martha Maria Jacoba De Villiers. One can understand how this mistake happened, firstly because there are two progenitors holding the same name; secondly both progenitors had sons named Archibald McCallum, and thirdly because both men married into Cape Dutch families.
I named this McCallum Family the Carolina Middelburg McCallum’s to differentiate them from the other McCallum families resident in South Africa. This term records the fact that they settled and resided for many years in the Carolina and Middelburg District.
(image above and below) Church Street, Middelburg, Transvaal, 1910.
(image above) The Dutch Reformed Church at Carolina, Transvaal.
The Archibald McCallum who we are concerned with, died on the 16th of April 1923 according to his Death Notice. The document also records that his father’s name was ‘Archibald McCallum’ and his mother’s as ‘Annie McCallum’. This rules out Captain Archibald McCallum and Martha Maria Jacoba De Villiers as his parents (see. the posting on the ‘Hope McCallum’s’ on this site).
The first ever Scottish Population Census was taken in 1841. Prior to this, the only records were those of the Church. Fortunately, the Church wardens were quite meticulous and their records are invariably accurate as to birth, baptism and marriage dates. One can then be pretty certain as to when someone was born thanks to baptism records. On occasion parents would baptise several years after a birth, but in these very Calvinistic times in Scotland, it is invariably a few weeks or months after the birth.
We can then be pretty certain that Progenitor Archibald McCallum was born in 1837. This would have made him 86 years old when he died in Middelburg. His second wife made a mistake with his age on his Death Notice – stating it was 84 years and 2 months. In fact he was 86 years old. It is also quite possible that Archibald did not know his exact birth year. In a time when there were no archives and ID books, many people were uncertain of their birth dates. Also we now know that he was baptised at Jura, in Argyllshire. Jura is an island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland. Until the 20th Century most of the island was owned by members of the Campbell clan.
(image below) A view of the Island of Jura from near Bellochantuy, Kintyre, Scotland.
The following was translated from the Dutch by Jane Kirsten on 24 April 2012, whose husband is a descendant of Archibald McCallum senior and Lt.Col. Dr. Alfred Buckley Hinde. The transcription originates from three reports in the ‘Volkstem Newspaper’, The primary as related by Archibald McCallum on his 80th/ 82nd birthday to an unknown reporter. Date – 1919. The text in green italics is that of the Volkstem. I have added additional information and history.
Graham Leslie McCallum.
Mr. Archibald McCallum senior of Middelburg, Transvaal, was born on Jura, Scotland, on 23 January 1839. The island of Jura lies in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland, adjacent and offshore to Argyllshire on the mainland and the historic heart of the McCallum Clan, and alongside the island of Islay. The Campbell Clan controlled the entire island until recent times, renting out large areas of their estates to small tenant farmers who paid the Laird or landlord a rental. A few fishermen made a living along the coast where they lived in small villagers. There is a discrepancy in the year Archibald said he was born and his baptismal entry recorded in the local Presbyterian Church, which notes his baptism was performed on the 10 of December 1837 at Jura.
(image below) A Photograph of the Presbyterian Church at Craighouse on the Island of Jura. Built in the late 1700’s and has been a place of worship ever since.
The McCallum family, as tenant farmers on the Gartloist Estate would have lived a simple and rural life, close to the earth and hearth. Making a living and raising a family on these windswept Hebridean islands had always been difficult. Growing enough potatoes and raising a few livestock to secure the survival of one’s family through the cold winters would have been a constant concern to Archibald’s parents with their large family of eight.
(image below) Gartloist, Jura.
Nowadays, the islands of Jura and Islay are depopulated of Highlanders, and the fields were farmers once tilled the soil and the valleys were villagers once stood are gone. How did this come about, for poverty and inhospitable terrain alone, cannot account for the depopulation? How is it that the 5 Campbell Estates on Jura lay depopulated of highland folk at the end of the 19th C, or how is it that the Poltalloch Estate of the Clan Chief McCallum/ Malcolm on the nearby mainland are bereft of folk and village. Many Highlanders and their families were forced to move from their farms to small settlements along the seashore, scraping an existence fishing and gathering kelp.
It is important to remember that the McCallum Clan and the large and important Campbell clan were closely associated. During the civil strife leading up to the Battle of Culloden, the McCallum and Campbell clans were ‘King’s Men’ and fought against the campaign to place a Roman Catholic Stuart king on the throne of Scotland. Most Scots would have been strongly allied to the Calvinistic cause. They betted on the winning side and benefited from this when those on the Union side were rewarded, among them the McCallum Clan Chief, who so taken by all things English and trying to obscure his strong Highland roots, anglisized his surname to Malcolm. Subsequent to this, it is unfortunate and something of a bitter and embarrassing pill to swallow that his descendants committed shameful deeds on their kin and tenants, forcing hundreds of Highlanders off their Poltalloch estates during the Highland Clearances.
There is a poem written by a Rev. McCallum regarding his McCallum/Malcolm clan chief, then a Lord – Malcolm of Poltalloch. It goes like this…
MALCOLM IS A WICKED MAN!
When the Frenchmen come over
to put him to flight,
who will stand up for Malcolm
and the rabble that surrounds him?
Malcolm is a wicked man,
and for ever will I say it of him.
Every one of them will be fierce
In their desire to strike him,
and I myself will be there,
blowing the flames of the conflict.
Malcolm is a wicked man,
and for ever will I say it of him.
Behind me, behind me,
Behind me is this township;
Behind me is the place
Where I long spent my growing years.
Malcolm is a wicked man,
and for ever will I say it of him.
Cattle can no longer be seen in a fold
Nor can the milkmaid’s son be heard;
Where there once were people,
there are now yellow-coloured sheep.
Malcolm is a wicked man,
and for ever will I say it of him.
In the 18th and 19th century, the Lairds of these estates discovered that they could gain a greater income from turning the land over to sheep than they could accumulate from the rents of tenant farmers. To achieve this depopulation, several methods were used by the landowners. Emigration to the new world was encouraged and facilitated; the men were encouraged to find work in the growing cities of Glasgow and Edinburgh and to relocate their families; rents were increased to a level that the tenant farmers could not afford, and when they reneged on their contracts, the families would be forcibly removed by the laird’s factotums. When these methods did not achieve success, proctors would simply set the roofs of the crofter’s cottages afire, or drive the families like cattle to the coast. Other landlords would construct small settlements along the seashore and force their tenants off the land and to take up residence as fishermen and kelp gatherers. What was not achieved by machination was achieved by the events of the time.
The Napoleonic and Colonial wars created a demand for soldiers. Hundreds of thousands of impoverished young Scottish men took up the king’s shilling and were shipped out to foreign soils, often to their deaths on the fields of battle.
Those who had immigrated thrived and prospered in their new homelands. They brought out the rest of their families or wrote home encouraging their relatives to join them.
Facilitating the efforts of the landlord’s was the arrival in the 1840’s of the Potato Blight from Ireland, a pernicious plant disease which destroyed the potato crop on Islay and Jura for many years. Losing the main source of sustenance resulted in widespread starvation to the population of 14 000. Most of the islanders who remained had little alternative but to immigrate, mostly to America, Canada and Australia, or turn to the sea for sustenance as fishermen and gatherers of kelp.
No clearer indication of this Scottish Diaspora can be made than the fact that today there are fewer than 3000 souls on the island of Islay, and only 188 on Jura.
We can trace the movement of the McCallum family by noting the baptismal records of the children born to Archibald and his wife Anne. Both parents had been born at Kilmeny on the island of Islay near the village of Ballygrant. Earlier records of tenant farmers from the 1700’s do not pick up any McCallum’s on the island and it would appear as if those bearing this surname arrived after 1700. After this date, the family and relatives are numerous in the records.
(below) The Church at Ballygrant, Islay.
In 1833, this McCallum family leaves Islay and crosses over to Jura, this possibly the result of a clearance. Prior to this they are living at Nosbridge Farm. This remarkable account was related by one Elizabeth Keith who lived on Nosbridge Farm. http://freepages.family.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~renfrewshire/ekbiog.html
I am Elizabeth Keith, I have the Gaelic, but have become used to speaking in English now. I come from Islay and am one of the ten children of John Keith and Ann Campbell. I was born in 1839. When I was young we lived out at Nosbridge It has been said that it is the prettiest hill that can be seen anywhere, and I believe that. It is an old Danish fort surrounded by three semi circular mounds or ramparts rising one above the other. There was a stream, Alb-Na-beiste, where we used to gather berries, wild straw, rasp, blue and bramble berries. There was an old school house at the end of Mulmar Bridge, but none of us went to school. If we had we would have learned English when we were young. There were 14 or 15 farm villages and each had about 20 families. They were the descendants of men who lived for generations in the same farms paying yearly rents, till they all felt that it was but their own steads. But they are gone now. The ploughman plodding homeward in his evening, after his day’s toil is over, is no more to be seen, for those pleasant voices were hushed forever by the tyrant sway of greedy landlords.
There were many folks put out or deprived of their parks about when I was young. But we stayed and my father worked at Daill Farm until his death in 1862. It was said that people were put out of the farms to make room for Webster and his sheep. He was the under-factor who had the big house at Daill Farm. Yes, there were Clearances in Islay, but there was no burning of houses and no use of soldiers in red coats. They were peaceable, but none the less enforced clearances. We had a meagre existence, most of the time we had oats, sometime some meat, but not often. We did not even eat fish from the sea. We weren’t fisher folks, you see.
(image below) A map of old Nosbridge (Nosebridge), Islay.
The McCallum family spend about 6 years on the island of Jura where Archibald is born. For some unknown reason, on Archibald’s Death Notice (1923) his second wife who is the informant, notes that Archibald was born at Onich. Onich is a very small seaside settlement on the east shore of Loch Linnhe. This is incorrect, but the fact that Alberta remembered the name of this obscure Scottish village must have some presently unknown importance. Many of these small seaside villagers were settled by Scots who were driven to the coast from inland farms during the Highland Clearances.
In 1840 the family is back on the Island of Islay and are residing on the Gartachosan (Gartloise/ Gartloist) Farm where another child is born. By 1844 they are living in the village Bowmore. As the tenant farmers were evicted from their farms, those who did not emigrate inevitably moved to the villages of Bowmore, Port Ellen and Port Charlotte.
(image below) The ‘Round Church’ at Bowmore, Islay.
Illustrative of the hard times is that in the 1851 Census, Archibald who is 13 years of age, is not been schooled, but rather is working as a Herd Boy and Errand Boy at the Church of Scotland Manse on Islay. His sisters Marion and Anne are working as House Servants, and his older brother is an agricultural labourer. His youngest brother George died of Fever aged 10, and his brother Colin of Consumption (Tuberculosis) aged 30 on Islay.
(image below) Kilarrow Manse, Bowmore, Islay.
When he was thirteen years old his father sent him on a voyage for a change of air, in the care of Captain James Turner of the transport ship “The Chancellor”. His parents were Archibald McCallum and Anne Head; and his grandparents were Anne Kennedy and George Heads, a Mariner. This detail gives us an indication that the family had some acquaintance with the sea and ships.
One can only speculate what ‘change of air’ the young Archibald needed, perhaps a little adventure, or was he suffering from a chest complaint like asthma or consumption, the ailment that killed his brother. The custom at the time was to send family members with consumption to healthier climes or into situations where the air was bracing.
Captain Turner left Greenock, Scotland, on 22 December 1852 for Bombay, and from there traveled to Liverpool. In those days ships had to hug the coast of Africa, so when they returned from a second voyage from Bombay to Liverpool and reached the coast of Bredasdorp, the ship stranded east of Wagenhuiskrans, Bredasdorp, directly opposite the farm “Martha” belonging to Daniel Swart Esq. The wooden ship ‘Chancellor’ an 864 ton barque, captained by James Turner, was wrecked on the 12 September 1854 at Martha’s Strand (Beach) between Struisbaai and Waenhuiskrans (now called Arniston) with a valuable cargo on board. Archibald would have been 16 at the time of the wrecking. According to an American Paper who recorded the event – two souls were lost, the rest been saved. This section of the Cape coast lived up to the ‘Cape of Storms’ epithet, for the ship Arniston and the barque Etheldrid were similarly wrecked here too. The town of Bredasdorp mentioned by the elderly Archibald McCallum lies several miles inland from Waenshuiskrans. The farm ‘Martha’ mentioned by Archibald can be pinpointed today as Martha Point, named after the brig ‘Martha’ wrecked near Arniston in 1826. A remarkable 196 ships have wrecked along this section of coast.
(image below) The Village of Arniston/ Waenshuiskrans.
(image below) Today the Agulhas Lighthouse marks and protects this dangerous stretch of Cape shoreline.
Messrs. Daniel, Piet, Thijs Swart and Elias Matthee were on the beach and signalled the rescue boats, seeking safe landing for the survivors. From there the survivors went to Cape Town, with the exception of two who were ill, one of whom was Mr. McCallum. Mr. Klein (Little) Daniel Swart took Mr. McCallum to his farm. Mr Swart also gave him clothing, because he was clothed only in a shirt. The following day the chest containing his clothing washed out onto the beach but his money was lost. From that moment onwards the sixteen-year-old youth had to make his way as a stranger in a strange land, without friend or relative. Mr. Archibald McCallum’s memory that he was 16 years old at the time of the shipwreck accurately reflects his correct birth year, 1837. Of interest – when the sailing ship ‘Arniston’ wrecked in 1815 just north of the village that bares this vessel’s name – the survivors were picked up by ‘Jan Swart’ the son of a local farmer at ‘Elandsvallij’ (Elandsvlei/ Elandsvallei). Jan, no doubt a member of the same family.
But our benevolent and gracious God and Father caused him to be welcomed into the good and hospitable household of the family Swart of Langvlei, Bredasdorp, not as a stranger, but as a child. In 1856 Mr. McCallum went to the Free State with the families Swart and Kleinsmidt, where they rented the farm Middelspruit in the vicinity of Kroonstad. Here Mr. McCallum enjoyed his first tuition in Dutch from a Mr. Mellenbroek. (George Frederick Mellenbroek from Holland, Landdros at Kroonstad b. 1832 d. 1861). Life at the Cape and inland must have been to the liking of the young Archibald for he made no attempt to return home to Scotland. He would have picked up the local Cape Dutch (Afrikaans) language to convesrse, and later learning the more formal Dutch language. Thus began a process of identifying with his adopted people. Archibald never forgot his Scottish roots for his gravestone records his birth land.
In 1857 a disagreement arose between President Boshoff of the Free State and President Pretorius of the Transvaal, and Mr. McCallum was enlisted and was present when the two republics went to war; he was one of those taken prisoner by the “Transvaal Committee” as a spy. Mr. McCallum was also the person who later did the rounds with written appeals in an effort to reverse the death sentence of one Mr. Karel Geer. Archibald would have been 19 years old when this standoff happened. The two republic’s commandos faced each other on either side of the Rhenoster River on the 25th of May 1857. The precipitator to this situation was President Pretorius’ intention to unite the Transvaal Republic with that of the Orange Free State Republic. He was opposed by the burghers of Lydenburg, Zoutpansberg and that of the OFS. Certain burghers in the OFS were approving of this union, and Pretorius thought that if he marched on the OFS, that a show of force might result in the OFS government capitulating. The OFS government called up its burghers to resist and their commandos moved towards the border to resist. Pretorius had overplayed his hand, for when he crossed the Vaal River, he discovered his route blocked by a determined OFS force, and was now threatened in the rear by the burghers of Lydenburg and Zoutpansberg who had offered to come to the assistance of the Free Staters. Further to this, support for his union by the OFS burghers did not materialise and Pretorius had little option but to send out Commandant Paul Kruger with a flag of truce and a proposal to resolve the conflict peaceably. It is evident that Archibald McCallum had sided with the Orange Free State burghers, had mobilised with his compatriots and was present at the confrontation on the Rhenoster River. It would appear that Archibald was a member of a committee that crossed the border hoping to negotiate with the Transvaal government, only to be arrested as a spy. After the stand-down, those Free Staters who had supported Pretorius fled north, but those who stayed or were apprehended, were tried for treason and one (Karel Geer) was sentenced to death for ‘Hoogverraad’ (high treason). It is apparent that Archibald was opposed to this sentence for he does the round accumulating signatures for a petition asking that Geer be granted clemency. This is not the last time that Archibald plays a leading role in his community, for in 1871 he heads a petition of 73 signees in a quest for a proclamation of a borough in the Vetrivier ward.
What had Burgher Geer done to receive such a severe penalty? From the book ‘Oude Tuyden on Den Oranje Vrystaat’ – he had travelled to Basotholand with 4 or 5 others in a mission to appeal to King Moshesh to invade the OFS at the same time that the Transvaal Commando invaded the OFS. He was arrested and placed in the Winburg prison where he was guarded by 60 armed burghers should the Transvaalers seek his escape. As a long time resident of the Winberg district, Archibald no doubt knew Karel Geer and his family. The OFS Government eventually granted clemency and the death sentence was rescinded.
In 1858 the Basotho War broke out and Mr. McCallum was once again enlisted and severely wounded in the Battle of Vechtkop. He was cut off from his commando by the kaffirs (sic) and received an assegai wound through the neck and a bullet wound in the shoulder. This conflict (War of Senekal, March to June 1858) was sparked by the intrusions of Basothos across the border into the OFS. Although Moshesh tried to prevent his subjects from cattle raiding, continued intrusions and border friction resulted in open conflict. This campaign was marked by indecisive battles, with the Basuthos gaining the better hand. Archibald was wounded at the Battle of Cathcart’s Drift. The OFS Commandos were led by General Senekal. The OFS commandos withdrew without attacking Moshesh’s stronghold Thaba Bosiu. Both sides agreed to accept British arbitration. At the battles of Cathcart’s Drift and The Hell, 26 burghers were killed.
The very same year the families Swart and Kleinsmidt aforementioned, went back to the Cape Colony, but in 1859 Mr. McCallum returned to Kroonstad in the company of a Mr. Brooks and opened up a shop. In 1864 he married Miss Maria Susanna van Rooyen, daughter of Mr Cornelius Johannes van Rooyen of Langkloof in the Cape Colony. From this union seventeen children were born, of which ten grew to adulthood. He married at Winburg on the 23 of September 1864 at the age of 27 years. At the time he resided on the farm ‘Kaffersfontein’ in the Winburg District. The marriage was conducted in the Winburg Nederduits Gereformeerde Kerk (Dutch Reformed Church). This clearly indicates that Archibald was from a Presbyterian background.
In 1873 Archibald McCallum petitions the Transvaal Republic with 73 co-signers – calling for a town to be established in the Vetrivier Ward, district Winburg.
Mr. McCallum was also involved in the 1865/76 Basuto Wars. He later bought the farm Bultfontein, O.F.S. and there he managed a large shop for a number of years. He returned to Kroonstad and remained there until 1880.
In 1874 he went to Scotland to visit his parents, who had both seen their eightieth year. His family wondered at his white skin, because they had believed that all white men turned black in the African sun. Archibald’s mother Anne McCallum nee’ Heads died in 1876 at Port Ellen, Islay, aged 76, and is buried at Kilnaughton, where the inscription on her memorial is visible still.
In 1880 he returned to Bultfontein and in 1884 left the Free State and settled in the district of Middelburg with his family. He later went to Stellenbosch to place four of his children at school, stayed there three years and returned to Middelburg (Tvl).
Prior to 1898, Archibald is recorded as performing the duty of Magazine Master at Carolina.
In 1899 – at the commencement of the Anglo-Boer War, Archibald is Acting Public Prosecutor for Carolina, Transvaal Republic. In 1900 the Magistrate of Carolina requests that Archibald McCallum be appointed as State Secretary, Doc. RSA.
Of note is that that he was to sacrifice all four sons aforementioned in the *1899/1902 war (Anglo-Boer War). Mr. McCallum himself took an active part in the 1899/1902 war on the side of the two Republics. He went voluntarily on commando with four sons and two sons-in-law. Cornelius (Cornelius Johannes McCallum) and Duncan (Duncan McCallum) perished and his son-in-law Mr J.H. van Heyningen* became ill while on commando and later died at Machadodorp. His oldest son Archie (Archibald McCallum jr) was critically wounded at Spioenkop on the sixty-first birthday of his father but recovered after years of suffering from his wounds. (Here again, Archibald underestimates his birth year by two years). His son Pieter (Petrus/ Gert Petrus McCallum) was a youth of sixteen years when war broke out. He was wounded at Graskop (Grassy Hill) and is currently a lieutenant at Warmbaths, Z.W.A. When the Union of South Africa declared war against Germany in 1914, South African Forces crossed the border into German South West Africa, where the German colonial forces under their Governor Seitz were routed.
Archibald McCallum (junior) – a member of the Carolina Commando, is named among those wounded at the bloody Battle of Spioenkop, Natal, in the book “The Boer Fight for Freedom” by Michael Davitt, 1902. He surrendered later to the British forces on the 12 of September 1900 at Warmbaths, TVL, while in arms, and was imprisoned in the Middleburg Concentration Camp on the 7 July 1901, aged 34, and released 15 February 1902. Of interest, Archibald’s junior’s younger brother was Alexander Heads McCallum, whose son Alexander Owen McCallum married Maria Lea Magdalena Hamman, the daughter of Johann Daniel Hamman, who fought at the battle of Spioenkop, and who (like Archibald) was severely wounded, losing one of his lungs, but survived to the age of 96. After Peace was declared, Johann at first refused to take an oath of loyalty to the British Crown and left for Tanganyika. He returned to South Africa at the request of General Christiaan Smuts and served with remarkable distinction in World War 1 as a Captain/ and Honoury Lieutenant as an Intelligence Agent in the Intelligence Department. He was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry and devotion to duty.
In the Pretoria Archives, we have a record from 1898 that Cornelius Johannes McCallum had requested from the authorities that he be treated for an injury he had received. In 1901, Cornelius, a member of the Carolina Commando, was killed at Badplaas. His name is memorialised on the Bergendal monument near the site of the Battle of Bergendal, also known as the Battle of Belfast, 21 – 27 August 1900.
Duncan McCallum who was a member of the Johannesburg Commando and John Duncan St. Clair McCallum were killed at Pieter’s Heights near Colenso, Natal, on the 27 February 1900.
Although not verified by archival sources presently, Archibald’s son George McCallum who was born in 1880 is probably the fourth son who died in the war).
Gert Petrus (Pieter) McCallum was a defender at Graskop (Grassy Hill/ Suffolk Hill) on the night of 5th/ 6th January 1900, when the entrenched Boer Force was attacked by the Suffolk Regiment in a heroic but futile attempt to dislodge the burghers. 36 British soldiers were killed and a further 99 captured. As a member of the Carolina Commando he was captured on the 2 August 1901 by the Captain Le Pledge Commando. He was brought to the Balmoral Concentration Camp on the 7 August 1901, aged 19 and released 9 August 1901 at the end of the conflict. Gert served as a Lieutenant in the South African Military Constabulary during the First World War. He died 11 June 1920, from Pneumonia in Pretoria and was buried in grave ref. 1.D.R.1. at the Rooidam Military Cemetery. His name in recorded on a memorial to all the men of Carolina who perished in war. Many returning soldiers died at the time from the influenza epidemic (Spanish ‘Flu) that decimated the ranks.
Solomon Johannes McCallum – was a member of the Potchefstroom Commando. He was captured on the 23 August 1901 at Losberg at the age of 34, and incarcerated and exiled to India as a POW, in Camp-U.
John Hendrik Van Heyningen died of disease on the 20 March 1901, aged 40. while on commando. He was married to Archibald McCallum’s daughter Annie Jacoba McCallum and had three children. He was the son of the Reverend Petrus Arnoldus Conradus Van Heyningen and Boudina Ketel.
Mr. McCallum took an active part in the Battle of Spioenkop on his sixty-first birthday. In September of 1900 he was taken prisoner at Carolina and was later freed on parole at Machadodorp. Two of his daughters, Maria (Maria Susanna McCallum) and Collie (Cornelia Johanna Virgo McCallum) died during the war and a few years after the war he lost his wife.
Maria Susanna McCallum died on the 14 April 1900 in Carolina aged 28, and Cornelia Johanna Virgo McCallum was interned in the Balmoral Concentration Camp, aged 26 years and died in the camp of ‘Tering’ Consumption according to records. I raised the death of Cornelia with historian C. Van Heyningen, who informed me that her death was more likely, a result of Typhoid.
Archibald McCallum’s wife Maria Susanna Van Rooyen died on the 13 July 1907 at Middleburg at the age of 63.
After the conflict, in 1903 Archibald claims for War Compensation for himself and the burghers of Carolina from the British Government. No doubt his farm ‘Almal’, homestead and livestock had been destroyed in Kitchener’s “Scorched Earth Policy”.
In April 1910 he married Alberta Magdalena Oosthuizen when he was 71 years old.
With the big World War and the difficulties in our land, four sons-in-law, two sons and two grandchildren participated on the side of the government.
Mr. McCallum served as member of the Church Council for many years, is a friend of all and is respected by all. The eighty-year-old gentleman is well and active and can handle his horse and his gun when necessary. He is a strong supporter of the government. With the last Freedom War, he greeted his children with the following words:
“Stand with your Government and give your last drop of blood for your land!”
We sincerely wish upon our elderly hero a happy eventide of life and hope that he will be granted many more years with his children. The four children on the accompanying portrait with Mr. McCallum, are the children of his son-in-law Lieut Col Hinde, M.D. (Colonel Doctor Alfred Buckley Hinde).
SOME NEWSPAPER NOTICES, translated from the original Dutch by Jane Kirsten on April 24, 2012.
The first newspaper clipping suffered some damage.
The elderly Mr and Mrs Archibald McCallum living in Middelburg, find themselves ……… close to the home of their son Archibald, in the house named ‘Almal’ (Everyone) where the old people spend the evening years of their lives. The elderly Mr McCallum is one of few living veterans of the Battle of Cathcartsdrift, where he fought the Basutos under General Senekal. On the 13th instant the old gentleman was grieved by the news that the richly productive life of his son, Lt. Pieter McCallum, had been cut short by pneumonia at the Military Hospital at Bloemfontein. Gert Petrus McCallum died 11 June 1920.
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It is with regret that we received notification from Carolina that the health of the elderly Mr Archibald McCallum has deteriorated. For the past six months he has received care from Dr. Birkenstock. He has been bedridden and is able to ingest but a little food. A week ago his doctor advised that he should be transferred to the Middelburg Hospital where he is receiving medical care from Dr. Albertijn and where he is also receiving the attention of his own son-in-law, Dr. Hinde of Lagersdrift. Mr. McCallum was 84 years old in January and had previously lived many years in Middelburg. Only for the past two and a half years has he lived with his son, Mr Archie McCallum of Carolina (Archibald McCallum junior).
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On Monday, in the hospital at Middelburg (Tvl), the elderly gentleman Mr. Archibald McCallum passed away. We previously reported on his illness. Mr. McCallum was a revered resident of Carolina and Middelburg and reached a ripe and blessed old age. To his son, Mr. McCallum of Carolina and other children, the “Volkstem” offers its sincere condolences. Archibald McCallum senior died 16 April 1923, aged 86 years. Residence at death – Farm ‘Almal’ Carolina District.
He is survived by his second wife Alberta Magdalena McCallum nee’ Oosthuysen and 5 of his 17 children, namely – Archibald McCallum (3rd); Annie Jacoba Hinde nee’ McCallum, formerly Van Heyningen; Marion Johanna Elizabeth Du Toit nee’ McCallum; Johanna Elizabeth Maytham nee’ McCallum and Alexander Heads McCallum.
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1.Archibald McCallum 1st. Born 1798 at Kilmeny, Isle of Islay, Argyllshire, Scotland.
Married c1821 Anne Head/ Eads – Born 1800 at Kilmeny, Isle of Islay, Argylshire, Scotland. Died 1876 aged 76 in Port Ellen, Islay, Scotland. Buried at Kilnaughton (headstone extent and legible). Father was George Heads (Seaman) and Mother was Anne Kennedy.
1.1. George McCallum. Born 15 December 1822 at Lananbuy, Kilarrow, Islay, Argyllshire, Scotland.
1.2. Donald McCallum . Born c1824. In 1841 he is working as an Agricultural Labourer. Married Julia nN, born c1824 and recorded as a Washerwoman. Julia had three children, namely, Helen McCallum born 1844, Archibald McCallum born c1845 and Alexander McCallum born 1848. In the 1851 Census, Donald (a Blacksmith) was abroad. At the time Julia and her three children were residing with Archibald McCallum (senior) and Anne.
1.3. Marion McCallum. Born 20 March 1827 at Nerby, Kilarrow, Islay, Argyllshire, Scotland. In 1851 she is recorded as a House Servant, residing at Shore Street, Kilarrow.
1.4. John McCallum. Born 15 August 1829 at Nosbridge, Kilarrow, Islay, Argyllshire, Scotland.
1.5. Anne McCallum. Born circa 1834. Married 6 June 1856 aged 22, on the Island of Islay, to Peter McKenna, son of John McKenna and Alice King. In 1851 she is a House Servant at Kilarrow, residing at Shore Street.
1.6. Niel (Neil) McCallum. Baptised 29 March 1835 at Jura, Argyllshire, Scotland.
1.7. Archibald McCallum (2nd). Baptised 10 December 1837 at Jura, Argyllshire, Scotland. In 1851, aged 13, he is recorded working as a Herd Boy and Errand Boy at Manse, Islay. (More on Archibald in this document).
1.8. Isabella McCallum. Baptised 10 December 1837 at Jura, Argyllshire, Scotland. (note. Isabella McCallum is baptised on the same date as her brother Archibald).
1.9. Colin McCallum. Born 20 June 1840 at Gartachosan. Baptised 20 November 1840 at Killarrow, Argyllshire, Scotland. Married Agnes McDonald. Died 20 January 1870, age 30, Of Consumption, on Islay.
1.10. Duncan McCallum. Born 14 February 1844. Baptised 6 April 1844 at Kilarrow, Argyllshire, Scotland. Died 20 August 1855, aged 10 of Fever on Islay.
From these Baptism records one can see that the family moved from the Isle of Islay to the Isle of Jura, back to the Isle of Islay and the village of Kilarrow. Incidentally, the old church at Killarrow, no doubt where previous generations of McCallum’s were christened, was torn down and the present church built at the Village of Bowmore, by the Landlord Campbell. Evidentally, Campbell had desired an uninterrupted vista from his newly built house, and had the original village and church pulled down to secure this. In 1851 the McCallum family were residing at Bowmore, Parish of Kilarrow, 2nd road from East, end of Shore Street, towards Bunnaning Bridge.
1.7. Archibald McCallum (2nd) was born circa 1837 Jura, Argyllshire, Scotland. Baptised 10 December 1837 at Jura, Argyllshire, Scotland. Married Maria Susanna McCallum nee’ Van Rooyen – Born 10 February 1843 at George and Died 13 July 1907 at Middleburg (the GISA record states she died at George). Married 23 September 1864 at Winburg Nederduits Gereformeerde Kerk, aged 20.
Father – Cornelis Johannes Van Rooyen Mother – Martha Jacoba Van Rooyen. (note. Both her parents had the same surname.
Siblings – Martha Jacoba Van Rooyen/ Johanna Elizabeth Van Rooyen/ Marthinus Van Rooyen/ Gerrit Thomas Van Rooyen/ Jan Abraham Van Rooyen/ Margaretha Alberta Van Rooyen/ Adriana Josina Van Rooyen/ Hester Jacomina Van Rooyen/ Cornelis Johannes Van Rooyen/ Petronella Johanna Van Rooyen/ Sara Elizabeth Van Rooyen.
Other people related to Maria who are mentioned in documents – Jan Daniel Van Rooyen/ Petronella Aletta Van Rooyen/ Petrus H. Van Rooyen/ Aletta Susanna Meyer/ Jan Schut/ Jacomina Ferreira/ Cornelia Christina Joubert)/ Jan Abraham Van Rooyen/ Margaretha Christina Van Rooyen/ Adriana Josina Van Rooyen.
1.7.1. Martha Jacoba McCallum – Born 14 August 1865 and Baptised in Kroonstad on the 7 August 1865. F- Archibald McCallum M- Maria Susanna Van Rooyen. No other information.
1.7.2. Archibald McCallum (3rd.) – Born 27 November 1866 and Baptised in Kroonstad on the 25 of December 1866. Died 6 December 1935. F- Archibald McCallum M- Maria Susanna Van Rooyen. Surrendered to British forces on the 12 of September 1900 at Warmbaths, while in arms, and imprisoned in Middleberg Concentration Camp. Occupation – Carolina Landdrost Clerk (recorded as self-employed). Arrived at Middelberg CC on the 7 July 1901, aged 34, and released 15 February 1902. Record in the National Archives in Pretoria, DBC 84, Page 258. Nationality – Transvaaler. F- Archibald McCallum M- Maria Susanna Van Rooijen/ Rooyen. (Carolina McCallums). Archibald Jr and Snr share the same name – making research tricky. Divided the records one from another will take the drawing of all the Pretoria Archival records. A recent clue is that Archibald senior lived in Carolina while his son lived in Middleburg.
1.7.3. Marion Johanna McCallum – (Called Queenie, like her sister). Born in 1868 SA. Died 26 August 1964. F- Archibald McCallum M- Maria Susanna Van Rooyen. Husband died in 1952-doc Tvl. Buried Main Cemetery, Geduld, Springs. Married Gert Johann Du Toit. Children- Archibald McCallum Du Toit.
x Gert Johannes Du Toit – Predeceased his wife on the 3 April 1952. Buried Main Cemetery, Geduld, Springs.
1.7.3. 1. Archibald McCallum Du Toit – Born 28 June 1909. F- Gert Johann Du Toit M- Marion McCallum. Baptism- The Premier Mine Presbyterian Church, Cullinan Premier Mine. Presbyterian.
1.7.4. Gerrit Johannes McCallum – Born 26 February 1869 and Baptised in Kroonstad. F- Archibald McCallum M- Maria Susanna Van Rooyen.
(image above) Annie Jacoba Hinde nee’ McCallum & daughter Marjorie Hinde, Carolina McCallum
1.7.5. Annie Jacoba McCallum – Born 23 June 1870 in Stellenbosch (also Kroonstad), South Africa. Died 27 August 1939 at Piet Retief, Transvaal, aged 69, and is buried at Piet Retief. Father – Archibald McCallum /Mother – Maria Susanna Van Rooyen. 1st marriage to Jan (John) Hendrik Van Heyningen of Bloemfontein. Heyningen died in the Anglo-Boer War of disease. Children to Van Heyningen – Boudina Lara Van Heyningen/ Jeanette Henriette Van Heyningen/ Herbert Percival Van Heyningen. Her 2nd marriage to Dr. Lt. Colonel Alfred Buckley Hinde. Married 11 October 1902 (as a 32 year old widow from Bloemfontein) in East London. Predeceased her husband in 1939. Doc. RSA, and is buried next to her husband at Piet Retief. Last known address – Delager’s Drift, Middleburg District. Children to Hinde – (6) Vera Buckley Hinde/ Sidney Walter Hinde/ Archibald McCallum Hinde/ Ronald Macey Hinde/ Marjorie Kathleen Hinde/ Courtney Buckley Hinde/ Desmond Ainsley Hinde (adopted).
x Col. Dr. Alfred Buckley Hinde – Born 6 November 1862 in Cheltenham / London, England. Father – Joshua Bryer Hinde (12 Dec 1822 – 10 March 1908) Mother – Sarah Macey (1825 – 3 September 1898). Grandfather – William Hinde Grandmother – Ann Buckley. Survived his wife who died in 1939. Doc. RSA. Died 21 May 1940, aged 76 years and 6 months at 409 Volk Street, Volksrust, Transvaal. Buried next to his wife at Piet Retief. Children – (6) Vera Buckley Hinde/ Sidney Walter Hinde/ Archibald McCallum Hinde/ Ronald Macey Hinde/ Marjorie Kathleen Hinde/ Courtney Buckley Hinde/ Desmond Dennis Hinde (adopted). Siblings – Charles Augustus Hinde/ William Cathcart Hinde. Major – RAMC and Medical Doctor- QULI MRCS. Lieutenant Colonel RAMC. OBE. England LRCP London 1886. Last known address – Delager’s Drift, Middleburg District. Alfred’s early military career was spent in India and Singapore (1887-98). He returned to England with Malaria in March 1898 and did not deploy to South Africa until October 1899. Met Annie in Bloefontein while commanding the Raadsaal Military Hospital, Bloemfontein. Although they married as you say on 11 Oct 1902, their first child, Vera Buckley Hinde was born on 23 Jul 1902, a couple of months before they married, according to Vera’s Death Notice. Alfred and Annie went to India after the Boer war ended where their second child Sydney was born (10 Dec 1903). They returned to England in 1904 where the third child Archibald was born (24 Sep 1905). In Oct 1905 Alfred was sent back to South Africa and left the Army there on 7 Aug 1907. District Surgeon of Carolina and later of De Lagersdrift.
(image below) Colonel Doctor Alfred Buckley Hinde standing on the right, photographed during World War 1.
184.108.40.206a. Boudina Lara Van Heyningen – F- Jan (John) Hendrik Van Heyningen M- Annie Jacoba McCallum. Siblings – Jeanette Henriette Van Heyningen/ Herbert Percival Van Heyningen. Carolina/ Middelburg McCallum’s. No other information.
1.7.5. 1b. Jeanette Henriette Van Heyningen – F- Jan (John) Hendrik Van Heyningen M- Annie Jacoba McCallum. Siblings – Boudina Lara Van Heyningen/ Herbert Percival Van Heyningen. Carolina/ Middelburg McCallum’s. No other information.
220.127.116.11c. Herbert Percival Van Heyningen – Died 1936. F- Jan (John) Hendrik Van Heyningen M- Annie Jacoba McCallum. Siblings – Boudina Lara Van Heyningen/ Jeanette Henriette Van Heyningen. Carolina/ Middelburg McCallum’s. No other information.
1.7.5. 2a. Vera Buckley Hinde – Born 23 July 1902 in India. Died 14 April 1956 in East London, SA. F- Alfred Buckley Hinde M- Annie Jacoba McCallum. Siblings – Sidney Walter Hinde/ Archibald McCallum Hinde/ Ronald Macey Hinde/ Marjorie Kathleen Hinde/ Desmond Dennis Hinde (adopted). Lived in Volksrust. Record (Journal of the Nedical Association of SA) of her working at the Johannesburg Hospital in April 1927 and having succeeded in her examinations. Married Ernest Glynn. Carolina/ Middelburg McCallum’s.
1.7.5. 2b. Sydney Walter Hinde – Born 10 December 1903 at Bombay, India. Died 18 July 1967 at Durban. F- Alfred Buckley Hinde M- Annie Jacoba McCallum. Married 6 February 1937 to Freda Violet Williams/ 2. Anna Catharina Grace nN. Children – Caroline Bryer Hinde/ Patricia Hinde/ Richard Courtney Buckley Hinde/ Deirdre Hinde. Siblings – Vera Buckley Hinde/ Archibald McCallum Hinde/ Ronald Macey Hinde/ Marjorie Kathleen Hinde/ Desmond Dennis Hinde (adopted). Served in the British South African Police. Resident of Victoria Falls, Rhodesia. Divorced Williams in 1950. Carolina/ Middelburg McCallum’s.
1.7.5. 2c. Archibald McCallum Hinde – Born 24 September 1905. at Portsmouth. Died c1984 at Greytown. F- Alfred Buckley Hinde M- Annie Jacoba McCallum. Siblings – Vera Buckley Hinde/ Sidney Walter Hinde/ Ronald Macey Hinde/ Marjorie Kathleen Hinde/ Desmond Dennis Hinde (adopted). Married Geeske Maakal. Children – Sheila Frances Hinde/ Cooleen Anne Hinde/ Yvonne Buckley Hinde. Carolina/ Middelburg McCallum’s.
1.7.5. 2d. Ronald Macey Hinde – Born 31 May 1908 at Carolina. Died 1977 in East London, SA. F- Alfred Buckley Hinde M- Annie Jacoba McCallum. Siblings – Vera Buckley Hinde/ Sidney Walter Hinde/ Archibald McCallum Hinde/ Marjorie Kathleen Hinde/ Desmond Dennis Hinde (adopted). 2nd Lieutenant WW2 SAAF (Navigator) Nickname – ‘Zulu’. Worked for the Standard Bank and as a Tax Inspector. Married Kate Dorreen McGibbon. Children – Christopher Robin Hinde. Carolina/ Middelburg McCallum’s.
1.7.5. 2e. Marjorie Kathleen Hinde – Born 7 February 1912 at Carolina. Died 21 December 1977 at Pretoria. F- Alfred Buckley Hinde M- Annie Jacoba McCallum. Siblings – Vera Buckley Hinde/ Sidney Walter Hinde/ Archibald McCallum Hinde/ Ronald Macey Hinde/ Desmond Dennis Hinde (adopted). Married William John Murray Kirsten. Children – Johann Pieter Kirsten. Carolina/ Middelburg McCallum’s.
1.7.5. 2f. Courtney Buckley Hinde – Born c1906. Died c1930 at Eldoret, Kenya, of blackwater fever. F- Alfred Buckley Hinde M- Annie Jacoba McCallum. Siblings – Vera Buckley Hinde/ Sidney Walton Hinde/ Ronald Macey Hinde/ Marjorie Kathleen Hinde/ Archibald McCallum Hinde/ Desmond Dennis Hinde (adopted). Carolina/ Middelburg McCallum’s.
1.7.5. 2g. Desmond Ainsley Hinde – Born 23 December 1918 at De Lagersdrift. Died 8 August 2005 at Johannesburg. F- Alfred Buckley Hinde M- Annie Jacoba McCallum. Married 1 April 1939 at Springs. Siblings – Vera Buckley Hinde/ Sidney Walter Hinde/ Archibald McCallum Hinde/ Ronald Macey Hinde/ Marjorie Kathleen Hinde. Married Lorain Maureen Barnes. Children – Gerald Ainsley Hinde/ Ronald Ainsley Hinde. Founder of Pat Hinde Motors. Carolina/ Middelburg McCallum’s.
Annie Jacoba Hinde nee’ McCallum posing with her children.
(image below) The graves of Alfred and Annie Hinde.
1.7.6. Maria Susanna McCallum 1 – Born 29 February 1871 and Baptised on the 31 May 1871 at Winburb, Orange Free State Republic. Died c1871 as her name is used again for a follow-up child. F- Archibald McCallum M- Maria Susanna Van Rooyen. Siblings- Archibald McCallum jr/ Annie Jacoba McCallum/ Marion Johanna Elizabeth McCallum/ Johanna Elizabeth McCallum/ Alexander Heade McCallum/ Maria Susanna McCallum 2). (2nd list is a list drawn from research and includes children who had died prior to their father’s death) – John Duncan St.Clair McCallum/ George McCallum/ Martha Jacoba McCallum/ Gerrit Johannes McCallum/ Gert Petrus McCallum/ C. J. McCallum.
1.7.7. Maria Susanna McCallum 2 – Born 29 February 1872 and Baptised in Winburg on the 31st of March 1873. Witnesses were Gerrit Thomas Van Rooyen/ Aletta Susanna Meyer/ Jan Schut/ Jacomina Ferreira. Died 14 April 1900 in Carolina SA. F- Archibald McCallum M- Maria Susanna Van Rooyen. Siblings- Archibald McCallum jr/ Annie Jacoba McCallum/ Marion Johanna Elizabeth McCallum/ Johanna Elizabeth McCallum/ Alexander Heade McCallum/ Maria Susanna McCallum 2). (2nd list is a list drawn from research and includes children who had died prior to their father’s death) – John Duncan St.Clair McCallum/ George McCallum/ Martha Jacoba McCallum/ Gerrit Johannes McCallum/ Gert Petrus McCallum/ Maria Susanna McCallum (first to bear this name)/ C. J. McCallum.
1.7.8. Cornelia Johanna Virgo McCallum – Born c1875. Interned in the Balmoral Concentration Camp aged 26 years and died in the camp of Consumption (tering). Same age generation as Gert Petrus McCallum.
1.7.9. Johanna Elizabeth McCallum – (Known as Queenie). Born 23 April 1879 in Middleburg Witbank and Died in July 1953 Nakuru Hospital, Kenya. Married 25 October 1909 at Carolina, husband – age 35 wife – age 30. F- Archibald McCallum M- Maria Susanna Van Rooyen. Siblings- Alexander McCallum/ John Duncan St.Clair McCallum/ Archibald McCallum (junior)/ Marion Johanna Elizabeth McCallum/ Johanna Elizabeth McCallum/ Maria Susanna McCallum (uncertain). Married Henry Cornelius Maytham. Children- Archibald Maytham/ Matthew Maytham.
1.7.10. George McCallum – (Named after Archibald’s brother). Born 21 October 1880 and Christened 27 October 1880 in the NG church, OFS, Bultfontein. Witnesses at his christening were Petrus H. Van Rooyen and Cornelia Christina Joubert. F- Archibald McCallum M- Maria Susanna Van Rooyen. Siblings-Archibald McCallum jr/ Annie Jacoba McCallum/ Marion Johanna Elizabeth McCallum/ Johanna Elizabeth McCallum/ Alexander Heade McCallum/ Maria Susanna McCallum 2). (2nd list is a list drawn from research and includes children who had died prior to their father’s death) – John Duncan St.Clair McCallum/ George McCallum/ Martha Jacoba McCallum/ Gerrit Johannes McCallum/ Gert Petrus McCallum/ Maria Susanna McCallum (first to bear this name)/ C. J. McCallum. (I have a record of a George Frederick McCallum who resided at Beira, Mozambique and whose daughter Dorothy Mabel McCallum married Ian Hope Dundas the son of Admiral Sir Charles Hope Dundas of Dundas and Helen Burgess Watson on the 23 September 1940. Could this be George McCallum? Note. Alexander Heads McCallum resided in Kenya and Tanzania after the Anglo-Boer War).
1.7.11. John Duncan St. Clair McCallum – Born 1881 at Middleburg, Transvaal Republic, SA and died 27 February 1900 on the battlefield of the Anglo-Boer War, Pieters Hill, Ladysmith, Natal. F- Archibald McCallum M- Maria Susanna Van Rooyen. Siblings – (this list taken from his Death Notice – Archibald McCallum jr/ Annie Jacoba McCallum/ Marion Johanna Elizabeth McCallum/ Johanna Elizabeth McCallum/ Alexander Heade McCallum/ Maria Susanna McCallum 2). (2nd list is a list drawn from research and includes children who had died prior to their father’s death) – John Duncan St.Clair McCallum/ George McCallum/ Martha Jacoba McCallum/ Gerrit Johannes McCallum/ Gert Petrus McCallum/ Maria Susanna McCallum (first to bear this name)/ C. J. McCallum. Report. Tvl. Died in the Anglo-Boer War on the 27 February 1900 at Pieter’s Heights near Colenso, Natal. (Note. It would appear as if Archibald names his son John Duncan St.Clair McCallum after John St.Clair McCallum who married Mary Elizabeth Francis Proctor. This could be a possible relative to Archibald McCallum. This supposition needs further research). John St.Clair McCallum was born in 1859. Married 16 August 1882 in the Brandfort Nederduits Gereformeerde Kerk, aged 23 to Mary Elizabeth Francis J Proctor. Occupation – Shopkeeper at Brandfort. Children – Ivanhoe Roberts Proctor McCallum. Related in a presently unknown way to Jesumie St.Clair McCallum – Born c1864 and Died November 1937 and Buried 20 November 1937 aged 73. Grave in McCallum Plot, Maitland Cemetery Records.
Suppositions – Is John St.Clair McCallum and Jesumie St.Clair McCallum perhaps children that Archibald McCallum (2nd) had from an earlier marriage; or perhaps a nephew or niece?
1.7.12. Gert Petrus McCallum – Image attached of Memorial containing the name of G. P. McCallum (Gert Petrus (Pieter) McCallum). (Note. some official records incorrectly record him as C P McCallum. This is due to the unusual letter G on the memorial that in photographs appears to be a letter C). Lieutenant in South African Military Contabulary. Serial no. 4396. Nationality- Transvaaler. Born c1882 and Died 11 June 1920, Grave ref. 1.D.R.1. Rooidam Military Cemetery, of the Spanish Influenza. F- Archibald McCallum M- Maria Susanna Van Rooyen. Fought for the Transvaal Republic Forces during the Anglo Boer War as a member of the Carolina Commando. Surrendered 2 August 1901 to the Captain Le Pledge Commando. Came from Wonderfontein, Carolina. Brought to the Balmoral Concentration Camp on the 7 August 1901, aged 19 and released 9 August 1901 at the end of the conflict. In the National Archives, Pretoria, he is recorded as ‘McCullum’ Ref # DBC47. Occupation – Farmer ‘Wonderfontein’ Carolina District. (see image of a Memorial that records his name).
1.7.13. Alexander Heads McCallum – (Kenyan Pioneer and Boxer). Born 30 October 1889 at Middleburg, Transvaal Republic. (According to Iris McCallum’s mother he was 75/76 when he died, therefore he must have been born c1890). Died 1965 at West Kilimanjaro (Meru Kibo Estate). Buried in the Moshi Cemetery. F- Archibald McCallum (Senior) M- Maria Susanna Van Rooyen. At the end of the Anglo-Boer War, Alexander refused to become a British subject and left South Africa travelling up through East Africa where he settled in Kenya/ Tanzania. Here he married the widow Daisey Annette Austin Hunter. Children – Alexander Owen McCallum / Ian Osborne McCallum. Occupation – Engineer and Big Game Hunter. Worked on railway line up to Uganda.
x Daisey Annette Austin Hunter – (an Australian) was first married to Sir Ralph Emerson, the District Commisioner in India. When Ralph died aged 34 from heart failure, she and her two daughters Iris May Emerson and Daisey Mary Annette Emerson, returned from India to Australia. On the way back their ship stopped over in Tanzania, and while there she met Alexander Heads McCallum. Children to 2nd union – Alexander Owen McCallum/ Ian Osborne McCallum. Daisey died of Blackwater Fever in Uganda as a young woman. Daisey had two daughters to Emerson, namely Iris Margaret May Emerson who married William Scheibenzuber and settled in the USA, and Daisey Mary Annette Emerson who married Arthur Ryan. Daisey Mary Annette Ryan nee’ Emerson had no children but raised Alexander Owen McCallum after the premature death of his mother in Uganda from Blackwater Fever when he was 6.
1.7.13. 1. – Alexander Owen McCallum – Born 20 October 1922 and Died 23 April 1964. F- Alexander Heads McCallum M- Daisey Annette Austin Hunter. Sibling – Ian Osborne McCallum. Married 13 March 1943 at Arusha, Tanganyika by the Reverend Andrew Ree. Half-Sibling – Iris Mary May Emerson/ Daisey Mary Annette Emerson. Raised by Daisey Mary Annette Emerson after Alexander’s mother Daisey died when he was 6. Alexander served in the East African Reconnaisance Corp during WW2 and saw action in Ethiopia and Burma. (His wife is living and descendants and should you desire information please contact me).
1.7.14. Cornelius Johannes McCallum – (Called Collie). Born – Unknown. Died in 1972. Unmarried. Tvl. Pretoria. Report in the Archives from 1898 that he had travelled to Potgietersrus from Carolina and had an accident – cutting his wrist vein, and his request that a doctor take care of him. Doc-Tvl . (See . His name is on a Burgher War Monument at Bergendal, district Belfast). Member of the Carolina Commando – died in 1900 Anglo-Boer War. Originally buried at Carolina. F- Archibald McCallum M- Maria Susanna Van Rooijen. Siblings – Archibald McCallum jr/ Annie Jacoba McCallum/ Marion Johanna Elizabeth McCallum/ Johanna Elizabeth McCallum/ Alexander Heade McCallum/ Maria Susanna McCallum 2). (2nd list is a list drawn from research and includes children who had died prior to their father’s death) – John Duncan St.Clair McCallum/ George McCallum/ Martha Jacoba McCallum/ Gerrit Johannes McCallum/ Gert Petrus McCallum/ Maria Susanna McCallum (first to bear this name).
1.7.15. Duncan McCallum. Birth date unknown. Resident of Jeppestown, Johannesburg. Perished in the Anglo-Boer War as a member of the Johannesburg Commando in the Battle of Pietershoogte 27 February 1900. In this same battle his brother John Duncan St.Clair McCallum was killed.
Further research …
– Who are the Children of Archibald McCallum (junior)?
– Had any of Archibald McCallum’s 4 sons (who died in the war) marry and did they have children?